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What's a Credit Score and How Does It Work

| Posted in Bank Blogs

Credit Score 101: Understanding the Basics 

In today's world, having a credit score is essential. It impacts our finances in many ways, like getting loans, credit cards, renting an apartment, or finding a job. Yet, many young adults are not aware of what a credit score is and how it works. 

This blog post will explain the basics of credit scores. It will also provide information on what you should know to maintain a good financial future. 

What is a credit score? 

To put it simply, a credit score is a three-digit number that represents your creditworthiness. It ranges from 300 to 850, and the higher your credit score, the better your finances. 

Credit scores are calculated based on your credit report, which is a record of your credit history. Your credit report displays information about your credit activities. This includes your payment history, credit utilization, length of credit history, types of credit, and recent credit inquiries. 

How is your it calculated? 

The way your credit score is calculated depends on the credit bureau (Equifax, Experian, or TransUnion). The FICO score is usually the most common credit scoring system. FICO scores are determined by formulas. These formulas consider factors such as payment history, credit usage, credit history length, recent credit checks, and types of credit accounts. 

Why does your credit score matter? 

Your credit score plays a crucial role in determining your creditworthiness to lenders, creditors, and other financial institutions. Having a good credit score simplifies the process of obtaining loans and credit cards. Additionally, it allows you to secure lower interest rates and more favorable terms. 

Your credit score can impact your ability to rent or secure employment. This is because certain employers and landlords may review your credit score as part of their screening process. 

How to improve your credit score? 

If you have a low credit score, don't panic. It's possible to improve your credit score over time. 

The first step is to start paying your bills on time, and in full, each month. Late payments can significantly damage your credit score, so it's crucial to make payment a priority. 

You should also aim to keep your credit utilization ratio low, ideally below 30% of your credit limit. Limit the number of hard inquiries on your credit report by only applying for credit when necessary. 

Finally, it's essential to avoid closing credit accounts, even if you're not using them. Keeping accounts open can help build your credit history and improve your credit mix. 

Understanding your credit score may seem daunting at first, but it's essential to take control of your financial life. By knowing how credit scores work, you can take the necessary steps to maintain and improve your creditworthiness. Start by paying bills on time, keeping credit utilization low, and avoiding opening too many new accounts. Having a good credit score can improve your financial future by making it easier to get better rates, loans, and opportunities. 

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